That Edwin Hubble was a pretty clever guy ....Not like that guy Ben Graham who made up a formula based on what he Felt was right and then declared it was a load of the proverbial anyway. I beginning to worry about Beagle - if he does suss how fast the universe is expanding he might ask is the universe infinite ...and then conclude that the SUM ...

Graham formula is a fast, simple and straightforward method to find the intrinsic value of stocks. You do not require any difficult input or complex calculations to find the intrinsic value of a company using the Graham formula...

Benjamin Graham is the author of The Intelligent Investor. In some circles, he's known as the "Father of Value Investing." He says that intelligent investors perform complete and in-depth analysis before investing. Doing this will give them safe and steady returns on their investments. They focus on pricing, too.

On the other hand, the Benjamin Graham formula is only useful for studying past misjudgments of growth expectations by the market. It cannot be used to calculate present intrinsic values, or to ...Benjamin Graham recommended various categories of stocks - Index, Defensive, Enterprising and NCAV. He emphasized that the secret of sound investment was the "Margin of Safety", and specified precise qualitative and quantitative rules for each category.